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'Javan Rhinoceros' Sarah Mariam Koshy

The Javan Rhinoceros is the most critically endangered species on planet Earth with only tens of them remaining in the wild and in only two habitats. The exact number of these animals left in the wild is unclear, although there are not more than eighty of them.

With only very few left in the wild, and in only two habitats the threat is enormous with concerns of inbreeding and loss of genetic vitality and variability.

And if you are misled by their name to assume that they existed only in Java, here is the actual fact: It was not in Indonesia alone that they were found. They, in fact, were the most widespread of all rhino species, ranging from the islands of Java and Sumatra, throughout Southeast Asia, and India and China. However, today, they are found only in Indonesia. Poaching, habitat destruction for agriculture, development and other selfish human activities have led to their rapid decline.

According to biologists Javan rhinoceros are found to be more adaptable in their grazing habits than other rhino species, and yet they are on the verge of extinction.

Now, as a conservation strategy, scientists are considering re-establishment of the rhinos in areas where they have been wiped out, in order to bring about genetic variability and vitality and to have more than two habitats.

If you wish to know more about the species:

Also, while we now know that Javan Rhinoceros species are the most endangered species on planet Earth there are many more species, ranging from microscopic to the largest species, facing similar threats due to human activities. Taking responsibility at the earliest is the best and quickest way to ensure their survival, as well as ours on Earth.


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